Cutting Tools - What and When To Use Them

Cutting tools are an integral part of a well-equipped tool kit. Ranging from small hand cutting tools to various power tools, they are of different shapes and sizes. Today's complete collection of cutting tools includes a variety of tools; from saws to chisels to drill bits and reamers. It is important to choose a cutting tool that has a blade strong enough to withstand rubbing, grinding, and high temperature.

Cutting tools can be classified in a variety of ways. The most common way of classifying the cutting tools is based on the number of cutting edges.

  • Single point cutting tools have only one main cutting edge e.g. a boring tool, fly cutter, saw, or a slotting tool.

  • Double point cutting tools have two cutting edges that participate in cutting action e.g. metal cutting drill which has two flutes.

  • Multi-point cutting tools have more than two main cutting edges that can remove material in a single pass e.g. milling cutter, broach, or a grinding wheel.

At Abolox Safety, we have some of the most effective cutting tools available at affordable prices. Choose your cutting tool according to the nature of your project.

  1. Milling Cutters 

Milling is a process where we use a cutter with multiple rotating surfaces to remove the material from a surface like wood or metal. It is available in different shapes and sizes and can be used for a variety of purposes.

Two of the most common types are End Mill Cutters and Annular Cutters.

End Mill Cutters are used for plunge cutting, slotting, drilling, and profiling. It has a rotating tool with a cylindrical shank and the teeth at the end. Fixed with a power drill, milling cutters can dig a hole in a surface.

Annular Cutters  are used for drilling holes into the metals. The cutter cut only at the periphery of the hole, ejecting a slug at the end of the cut.

2. Saws

A saw has a tough blade of a sharp edge. It is used to cut materials like wood, stone, or metal. There are two main types of saws i.e. hand saws and hole saws.

  1. Hand Saws 

Hand saws are used in a variety of carpentry projects. They are used to cut the wood into different shapes and sizes. The wooden pieces can then be joined together to form an object.

  1. Hole Saws

They are used to cut perfectly round holes in a variety of materials. Attached to a drill, they cut only at the periphery of the drill. Some of its most common applications are door hardware installation, installing light fixtures, drainage pipes, and making connections in pipes.

3. Chisels 

Chisels and punches are used for cutting wood or metal in a variety of projects. A chisel can cut mortises, shave rough surfaces or chop out the corners. Chisels can cut through a variety of materials e.g. stone, metal, cinders, concrete, or bricks. The impact is applied on the non-cutting edge of the chisel with the hammer or any other tool. Chisels can also be used for scrapping the surfaces as well.

4. Drill Bits 

Drill bits are the tools that can cut a circular shaped hole in the workpiece. Fixed with a power drill, drill bit digs its way down on the surface. Ideally, drill bits are used to drill holes into the wood but some of the tough drill bits can also drill holes in the metal. The initial holes created by the drill bits can be refined or enlarged by reamers.

5. Reamers 

Reamers are the tools that can widen, or smoothen a pre-existing hole. Available in a variety of sizes and shapes, they are made of high-speed steel or high carbon steel. Reamers can be used with a machine or by hand. Reamers are used in metalworking. Jewelers use it for bead working as they allow you to make holes of precise sizes. Reamers can also create holes in glass, stones, or ceramic.

6. Hand Scraper 

A hand scraper is a tool used for scrapping the surface of wood or metal. This may be required where a surface needs to be smooth for a decorative finish or paint. One of the blades of the scrapper is sharpened so that it can smooth the surface. When the sharp blade is rolled over the surface, it scraps it gently.

Key Takeaway

Whether you are a professional or a weekend DIYer, it will be a good addition to your tool kit. There's no denying the fact that a great finished project starts with choosing the right cutting tool. If you are dealing with timber, you might want to use hand saws, hack saws, or chisels. If you want to drill some holes into concrete, metal, or wood, you might want to use drill bits or reamers. If you aim at scrapping or making the surfaces smooth, you need a good hand scrapper. Choose your tool according to the project that you are dealing with.

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